Introduction to Islam [Lecture]

A course that will cover origins of Islam, life of the Muhammad its founder, is sacred book Quran, basic islamic concepts as well as some of the various sects into which Islam is divided. At the conclusion of the course Islam's place in the modern world shall be discussed.
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Crushita Telcontar
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Introduction to Islam [Lecture]

Post by Crushita Telcontar » Mon Dec 17, 2018 9:59 pm

Introduction to Islam: Syllabus

Course Description
Hello everyone and welcome to Introduction to Islam! This post is the Syllabus, covering the course content and how it will be taught. This course is an introduction to Islam, covering both in the broadest strokes its history and theology, while still being accessible to those who have no experience with either.

Course Objectives
By the end of this course students should be able to:
Chart the history of the Early Islamic world and connect it to the present.
Understand the basics of Islamic belief and practice and how it has evolved.
Show an understanding of how Islam has been expressed.

Methodology
This course will be split into two threads, this thread is the lecture thread where all lectures will be posted. Please do not post in this thread. The other thread will be the classroom thread, where readings and questions for each lecture will be posted. Please post in the classroom thread.

Lecture Schedule
1. An Introduction to the Islamic World: Who, What, Where, Why and How? (January 3rd) (Classroom link)

A brief overview of the Islamic World, covering basic geographical concepts and modern day status.

2. The Origins of Islam: The Life of Muhammad. (January 6th) (Classroom link)

An overview of the life of Muhammad from his birth in around 570 to his death in about 630. Covering his early life to his prophethood and death along with the major events of his life such as the Hijra and the Nights Journey.

3. Necessary History: The Rashidun Caliphs. (January 9th) (Classroom link)

Briefly covering the Caliphates of the first four Caliphs, Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman and Ali, and the accomplishments and events of their reigns, such as the Ridda Wars under Abu Bakr, the conquests of Umar, the codification of the Qu'ran under Uthman and the First Fitna, the Islamic Civil War, under Ali.

4. The Qu'ran, a Concept. (January 12th) (Classroom link)

Covering the book known as the Qu'ran. It's status in Islam, it's structure, language, coverage and impact in both the Islamic world throughout history.

5. Sunna, Hadith and Sharia (January 15th) (Classroom link)

Covering the important, if often confusing concepts, in Islamic theology and law. This lesson will go over the Hadith (The reported sayings and actions of the Prophet Muhammad not codified in the Qu'ran). The Sunna (The sum of these actions, and their history as a concept) and Sharia (Both classical and modern Sharia, the summation of over a thousand years of Islamic jurisprudence)

6. Sectarianism: Sunni, Shia, Ibadi and More. (January 18th) (Classroom link)

A look at the origins of Islamic Sectarianism, from its early history in the First Fitna to the modern day. A look at what we've learned so far from a Shia perspective

7. A Modern Retrospective: The Islamic World Today (January 21st) (Classroom link)

A look at the Islamic World, in the light of what we have learned, and how modern media, both in the West and in the Islamic World, reflects our thoughts on it.

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Crushita Telcontar
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Re: Introduction to Islam [Lecture]

Post by Crushita Telcontar » Thu Jan 03, 2019 10:16 pm

Lecture 1
An Introduction to the Islamic World: Who, What, Where, Why and How?
What
This lecture will cover the Islamic World in its most basic terms, allowing students to position the Islamic World and who is in it to begin learning about Islam. To begin we will ask a very simple question, what is Islam? Islam (Which is an Arabic word meaning submission or surrender) is a religion, founded about the year 610 by a man named Muhammad in the city of Mecca in the Arabian Peninsula that teaches that there is one god, (Monotheism) and Muhammad is God's messenger. It is the second largest religion in the world and is an Abrahamic religion, that is related to Christianity and Judaism and sharing much of the same history and teachings.
Who and Where are Muslims?
Muslims are people who believe in Islam. Muslim is an Arabic word that translates to submitter. There are 1.8 billion of them on this planet and they live in almost every country on earth. There are two main groups, the Sunni who make up about 75%-90% of all Muslims and Shia who make up about 10%-20%. There differences between these two will be discussed later in this course. Now it's time for a little experiment. Take a second if you can, and write to the best of your knowledge the 5 countries you think have the most Muslims on the planet, then look at the map and statistics I've included below.
[+] Map
Image
Thank you Wikipedia
Image
And thank you Pew Research Centre
As you can see, only one of the top five countries with the most Muslims is actually in the Middle East, and Nigeria has overtaken Egypt since then. However as we can also see, the Middle East is reliably Muslim, unlike say India, the country with the 3rd most Muslims only falls into the 15-30% range. By percentage India is beat by a country in South America (Guyana.) What we can take from this is that most Muslims don't actually live in the Middle East like one would think. There is a reason we associate Islam with the Middle East though, Islamic History and Middle Eastern history are intertwined from the moment Muhammad became his teaching and no where on Earth have the effects of Islam been felt more then there. It is for this reason that this course will actually talk a lot about the Middle East rather then South East Asia, despite the fact more Muslims live there.
Why and How?
The short answer is: Look at the classroom! As much as I'd love to tell you in full detail the rise of Islam and it's early history, it would be boring coming from me, which is why I leave these kinds of things up to the professional. Every lecture (And lectures will generally be short) will include some sort of reading and assignment, however short. The point of this course is for you to learn and think, not for me to go on and on for the next forever. So this lesson will continue there.

Link: It's here!

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