Title: Global Organizations
Lecturer: Lord Eros Anphedite
Overview of Lessons
Hello students! This lesson in the Introduction to International Relations (IR) is going to focus in on the global organizations at work in the international community, and how they help bind together world affairs through means of negotiation, peace talks, humanitarian efforts, and so much more. With these things in mind let's dive into what exactly global organizations are, what their impact is on the international community is, and which global organizations are the most prominent.
Lesson 1: What are Global Organizations?
In present time, nations across the world are more connected than they have ever been, due mostly to advances in technology and communications, international business, and other aspects that had been discovered, primarily after World War II, when the world had faced the deadliest conflict in the history of man. In response to this large-scale event, leaders across the world knew that some international order had to put in place to prevent such an atrocity to occur again. This was the birth of the United Nations, probably the most prominent and influential world organization that is currently in place. It is an intergovernmental organization that is bound to no singular country and their rule, but is bound to the continued safety, peace, and cooperation amongst all of its member states.
A global organization, like the United Nations, is a creation by several nations on the Earth in order to achieve goals both domestically and abroad, with the cooperation of other national governements. There are quite of a few global organizations created, but no two have the same exact goals they aspire to achieve. Some global organizations aim to promote economic cooperation, military and defense, humanitarian relief, etc.
Lesson 2: The Impact of Global Organizations
All global organizations have some sort of impact on the international community in response to their efforts to achieve their long-term goal. For example, NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) was created in 1949 in response to the aggressive occupation of Eastern European nation-states by the Soviet Union. This military alliance, established an intergovermental defense between the USA, Canada, and their western European allies in case the Soviet Union ever attempted an invasion of the allied nations. It was founded on the principles of "An attack against one [nation], is an attack against all", a clear declaration to Moscow. The impact of this alliance helped assert a type of resistance to the Soviet Union and their allies.
A more recent impact of a global organization was the recent Marrakech Migration Pact, a United Nations pact where world leaders assembled to discuss on helping migrants worldwide in terms of travel, national integration, and the embracement of multiculturalism. A few countries denied the terms of the accord, claiming that it compromised the terms of their national immigration policies, or it endangered national sovereignty. Some of these countries include: Australia, the USA, Poland, and other nation states. The impact of this international accord will help the promote safe migration amongst the member states of the United Nations, along with the possibility of changing the diplomatic landscape between the many nations who adopted the accord, and the few who rejected it.
These are only a few of the many, many influences these global organizations have on the world. For some people, these influences are imperative to a more united and diplomatic cooperation between nations, while other people see these global organizations as nuisances to the sovereignty of their nations.
Lesson 3: Prominent Global Organizations
Created after the end of the bloodiest conflict in human history, the United Nations was built upon the principles of global cooperation, developing strong friendships between its member states, and the overall harmonization between all nations. Almost all of the nations in the world are part of this intergovernmental organization, except for three: Kosovo, Palestine, and Vatican City, but they are invited by the United Nations to participate in global issues as observers. This organization aims to tackle the most current, global issues such as global warming, trade policy, human rights, and humanitarian issues.
International Monetary Fund
Established in 1944, with 184 member states, the International Monetary Fund focuses on promoting world trade and improving the financial condition of its members.
World Trade Organization
Stationed in Switzerland, the WTO focuses on establishing trade agreements between countries , thus encouraging international trade. With 153 members, it consists of 97% of all world trade.
Group of 8
The Group of 8 consists of the world's leading industrial powerhouses including the US, UK, Canada, France, Germany, Japan, Italy, and Russia. They meet anually to discuss pressing matters such as global poverty and security.
North Atlantic Treaty Organization
NATO is a military allliance between Canada, the US, and much of Europe in the event of a foreign invasion. If one member succumbed to an attack of another foreign power, then the whole alliance would come to the aid of that member of the alliance. Its headquarters are in Belgium.
In summary, global organizations all have their own influences and goals that ultimately define their international impact on the globe. It's important that we as members of our ever-developing world learn to cooperate with one another, so we can benefit not only ourselves, but also the generations to come.
1.) Other than the United Nations, name an intergovernmental organization that your home nation is a member of. Does this global organization have a noticeable impact on your country?
2.) In your personal opinion, is it possible for a global organization to jeopardize the sovereignty of its member states?
3.) Has your home nation voiced any international concerns to a global organization they are a member of?